Saqlain Mushtaq appeals

Original Doosra Orchestra: Saqlain and Moin at work, in 2004

Jewel Samad / © AFP
5

Wordplay

The others

Not all the terms used in cricket come from the English language


Simon Barnes |

Perhaps "doosra" is the most significant word in cricket. After all, it's the first term from a South Asian language to have entered the mainstream. English is full of South Asian words - shampoo, jungle, bungalow, pyjamas, chutney - but this is the first time that cricket has adopted a specialist term from a subcontinental language.

There's an argument for gully, I suppose. A galli is a narrow alley in Hindi, but a gully in English is "a narrow cleft in a cliff, related to gullet, the throat". The etymology is from a French term for the neck of a bottle. I think we must put this down to commonality - the fact that English and Hindi are both members of the great family of Indo-European languages.

So gully probably wasn't directly borrowed from a South Asian language. That makes doosra unique.

It comes, of course, from Saqlain Mushtaq of Pakistan, who invented the offspinner's wrong'un in the 1990s. Or so he claimed. Sonny Ramadhin was turning 'em both ways with an offspinner's action in the 1950s, much to the bemusement of the England batsmen.

I think the first England doosra was bowled by Kevin Pietersen, at a relatively meaningless stage of a match. It was a clear chuck that wasn't called

We have stump mikes to thank for the word's move to the mainstream. Moin Khan, never the strong, silent type, kept wicket to Saqlain and would often audibly implore Saqlain to bowl "the doosra".

Tony Greig was a terrific television commentator, if never wholly calm. He was always mad for anything new, so he picked up the term and started to use it in commentary. Saqlain confirmed that yes, the delivery was the offspinner's wrong'un, and yes, he called it the doosra, which means "the other one" or "the second one" in both Hindi and Urdu (commonality again).

The word has become an aspect of the division - the gully - that lies between Asian and non-Asian cricket nations. The fact that the doosra has an Asian name adds to the mystery - perhaps I mean the suspicion - that surrounds it. The Australian academy refuses to teach it, in the perverse belief that it's impossible to bowl a doosra with a legal action.

There was much speculation as to who would bowl the first doosra for England. It's generally agreed that this honour goes to Moeen Ali, who bowled it in 2014; though that same year he stopped, from fears about the legality of his action while bowling it and concerned that it might compromise his orthodox repertoire.

'When you get in on a <i>paata</i>, you bet your life you're going to be <i>khadoos</I> about staying in'

'When you get in on a paata, you bet your life you're going to be khadoos about staying in' © Associated Press

I think that's wrong. I think the first England doosra was bowled by Kevin Pietersen. I can't find any record of it, alas, but I remember a time when he was asked to bowl at a relatively meaningless stage of a match, so, for a bit of jape, he bowled a ball with a contorted action - a clear chuck that wasn't called. That, I am prepared to bet, was the nearest he could get to a doosra.

Saqlain went on to claim a third delivery, a teesra - "the third one" - sometimes interpreted as a disguised backspinning delivery bowled roundarm and a touch quicker. This term hasn't really taken off in English.

Other Asian terms hover on the fringe of the mainstream.

R Ashwin's carrom ball has been called the sodukku.

The Bombay school of batting, which is based on the principle that you must value your wicket highly, is routinely described as khadoos, which means mean or stingy: skinflint batting.

A subcontinental term has been used for a very subcontinental phenomenon: the ultra-flat pitch that has nothing at all for the bowler. "A paata wicket": a term that may well break into cricketing English.

The word doosra is a symbolic invasion of the English language by Asia, and is clear indication that cricket is an Asian game these days

Jazba is a term associated with the Pakistan cricket team, and it means passion, the spirit of cornered tigers.

Tamasha is creeping into English use. It means "performance" or "spectacle" and describes the mood and the crowds of limited-overs matches - especially at IPL fixtures - in India.

Can you count Mankad? Probably not, since it's a proper name, but the word - which can be used as a verb, to mankad, or a noun, to do a mankad - means running out a non-striker. I've never understood the problem with mankading. Is the bowler supposed to allow the batsman to cheat at will?

The word doosra is a symbolic invasion of the English language by Asia, and is clear indication that cricket is an Asian game these days. An Indian game that was accidentally discovered by the English, as sociologist Ashis Nandy famously remarked.

The future of England cricket is increasingly bound up with the British South Asian community, which produces one terrific cricketer after another. The doosra, and a once-marginalised cricketing community, are both going mainstream.

Simon Barnes is a former chief sportswriter of the Times and the author of more than 20 books

 

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  • POSTED BY IndianInnerEdge on | December 18, 2016, 4:10 GMT

    good one simon, enjoyed reading this.... as an aside, i wish the term 'mankaded' could be distanced as far as possile from the dismissal in which a non-striking batsman takes a head start&the bowler runs him out. I wish the more creative amongst us/the ICC etc call this 'bowler's runout' or 'backup runout' or any fancy term as far away from 'Mankaded' as possible. The mankad's were a fine family of 2 gen TC and FC cricketers who played with a high sense of skills, passion, dignity but above all sportsmanship. In ithe 1947-48 tour , Bill Brown was WARNED by Vinoo Mankad for stepping out of the bolwing crease ina tour fixture. Bill Brown transgresed again in a test leading to Vinoo Mankad running him out in this manner.This was the first such dismissal in tc, his name 'mankad' was catchy&hence the dismissal was called 'mankaded'. Sir D bradman himself said once that it was unfair to tag this to a gentleman who had warned the aus batsman before. This is a travesty in cricket.....

  • POSTED BY McGorium on | December 17, 2016, 19:02 GMT

    "which means "the other one" or "the second one" in both Hindi and Urdu (commonality again)." A minor quibble here regarding "commonality"... Hindi and Urdu are the same language (unlike Hindi and French and English which have a relationship only through proto-indo-european). The (artificial) distinction is largely political, in much the same way as Serbian and Croatian are the same language. They aren't even dialects: Urdu to a hindi speaker is much like what a lay Englishman might feel reading a scientific paper or legal contract. There are latin and greek words tossed around, but the language is unmistakably English. The distinction between Urdu and Hindi linguistically comes from the language that lends its nouns and adjectives: Urdu borrows them mostly from Persian and Arabic (with some Sanskrit), whereas Hindi does it from Sanskrit . The grammar is the same, as are verbs, pronouns, prepositions. Wikipedia refers to them as registers: standardizations of a language.

  • POSTED BY msnsrinivas on | December 17, 2016, 13:03 GMT

    Thank you Simon Barnes, that was delightful.

  • POSTED BY gimme-a-greentop on | December 17, 2016, 8:11 GMT

    I have heard "Shabash" (another Moin-ism if I'm not mistaken) a fair amount on cricket fields where English, Xhosa and Afrikaans are the home languages. But that tends to be people who watched cricket in the 90s. Fairly ubiquitous in that era.

  • POSTED BY Migara on | December 17, 2016, 5:28 GMT

    //"the third one" - sometimes interpreted as a disguised backspinning delivery bowled roundarm and a touch quicker.

    This is well documented delivery in wrist spinners repertoire, and called a slider, or an extreme of the front of the hand leg break. Some finger spinners used it as their change up ball. The famous I could remember is Sanath Jayasuriya, bowled a seam up type of a straighter ball, but put mind numbing amounts of revs, so it was bowled as a back spinner. His faster balls floated more, pitched further up, and it was the reason for success of his death bowling in mid and late 90s.